“The wildest action scene ever in the history of comics!” is how Jim Steranko described this classic four-page spread from Strange Tales #167. Published by Marvel Comics, April 1968..
“I can’t say this experience is for everyone, it takes serious commitment. But if you are a traveler at heart, if you recognize that you are not done learning but are tired of being taught from a book or lecture, if you want a serious challenge, self-growth and the chance to try to make a difference, then this is for you.
Nothing I have ever done prepared me for this, but nothing has ever been so rewarding either. It has defined me and given me more purpose for whatever I may chose to do next and empowered me with skills that will apply to every aspect of my life, be it work or personal. If any of this seems appealing, I would say, at the very least look it at it, consider it. There’s so much to gain.”
- Peace Corps Health Volunteer Mariana Andrade-Bejarano, Madagascar
#19 on our list of 100 Big Ideas
Firm: Arkitekt Studio WRB.
Site: Stockholm Archipelago.
Idea: The centuries-old barns that speckle the countryside inspired an 1,800-square-foot summer house, but the client craved an open-air retreat. So in place of the usual wood bearing walls, the exterior comprises cast-concrete with relief that mimics lumber, allowing for big windows and open plans.
A History of Infection. #11 - Polio, Vaccines, Presidents and the Iron Lung!
So this time on a History of infection we’re looking at some of the history of Polio! Polio thankfully has a vaccine that is both effective and reasonable safe. Luckily for most my generation we have never seen the horrors of this virus.
More information section.
The Oral Polio Vaccine has been linked to a number of conditions such as Vaccine-associated Polio paralysis (VAPP) or some times knows as vaccine-derived polio virus (VDPV). Although these are both slightly different the point remains that there are adaquate concerns into to the use of this vaccine. It does have some advantages over the IPV in that it confers greater immunity and a life long immunity. The risk of developing side effects like most medications is real, however as with all others medicine it has been shown to be more preventative and effective (efficacy) over not treating. So there is an argument to be made that the increased risk some individual will inevitably encounter is out weighed by the benefit that they could get.
This go further when we think about the use of more ‘dangerous’ vaccine in developing countries, ideally fewer people will get Polio by using the OPV than if the IPV was distributed. This is because as mentioned the OPV can be deliver to many more people far more effectively.
by James Gurney.
“Women engaged in research work for the benefit of French soldiers”
Red Cross nurses, 1917.
This is right on the cusp of the Spanish flu pandemic of 1918. These nurses were about to get much busier. They may have even succumbed to the devastating infection themselves. Just some food for thought.
Public domain image, wikipedia commons
Original source: Nat’l Geographic Magazine., Vol 31, pg 327 (1917) (click this link and see what else was published in this issue!)
Obit of the Day: Canada’s First Stewardess
When Julie Garner (later Julie Garner Grant) was hired by Trans-Canada Airlines in 1938 as their first stewardess her role was distinctly different from today’s flight attendants. Besides making sure that her passengers had a drink and a pillow she was responsible for radio communications, monitoring weather patterns, and creating the menu for cross-country flights.
Paid $125 a month, Mrs. Grant also designed the airline’s first stewardess uniform (which she is wearing, above). She was told she could not make it navy blue because pilots wore navy and they did not want to cause confusion. Two years later, she re-designed the uniforms - they became navy blue.
Mrs. Grant, who would occasionally have to wear an oxygen mask in the unpressurized aircraft, died on March 4, 2013 at the age of 103.
(Image of Lucile Garner Grant standing with the first president of Trans Canada Airlines, circa 1938, is courtesy of Air Canada)
Other Canadian “firsts”:
Daurene Lewis - Canada’s first Black mayor
Maj. Walter Peters - Canada’s first Black jet pilot
and another former flight attendant, Australian Elaine Swain
Elegant at-home wear was an essential part of an upper class wardrobe at the end of the 19th and beginning of the 20th century. The tea gown, a structured and boned one-piece dress, was the first manifestation of a trend toward more comfortable attire for wearing in the presence of one’s intimates. This ensemble, while elaborate, is significantly less restricting than a tea gown, yet, by the teens, was considered modest enough to be seen in.- The Metropolitan Museum of Art